The Influence of Literature on Video Game Development

By Jody Feb 23, 2024

The intersection of literature and video game development is a dynamic and symbiotic relationship that has shaped immersive narratives, intricate worlds, and memorable characters. In this exploration, we delve into the profound influence of literature on video game development, tracing the synergies that have given rise to storytelling masterpieces within the gaming realm.

  • Narrative Inspiration: From Page to Pixel
    • Literature serves as a wellspring of inspiration for video game developers, offering rich narratives, complex characters, and captivating worlds to explore. Games like “The Witcher” series draw heavily from the literary works of Andrzej Sapkowski, seamlessly translating the depth of storytelling from page to pixel.
  • Adaptations and Expansions: Breathing Life into Classics
    • Video games often serve as dynamic adaptations or expansions of literary classics. Titles like “Bioshock” draw inspiration from Ayn Rand’s philosophical works, while “Alice: Madness Returns” reimagines Lewis Carroll’s Wonderland. These adaptations bring fresh perspectives to beloved stories, inviting players to explore familiar worlds in new and interactive ways.
  • Interactive Storytelling: Player-Driven Narratives
    • Literature inspires the evolution of interactive storytelling in video games. Games like “Mass Effect” and “The Walking Dead” series by Telltale Games present branching narratives where player choices influence the story’s progression. This interactivity allows players to become active participants in the unfolding narrative, a concept deeply rooted in literary choose-your-own-adventure traditions.
  • World Building: Crafting Immersive Universes
    • Literature’s influence on video game development extends to the art of world building. Fantasy and science fiction novels, such as J.R.R. Tolkien’s works or Isaac Asimov’s Foundation series, inspire game developers to create expansive and immersive universes. Games like “The Elder Scrolls” and “Mass Effect” showcase the meticulous crafting of vast, lore-rich worlds.
  • Character Depth and Development: Literary Portraits
    • Literature’s exploration of nuanced characters has a direct impact on video game character design. Complex protagonists like Geralt of Rivia (The Witcher series) or Joel and Ellie (The Last of Us) reflect the depth and emotional resonance found in well-developed literary characters. This influence elevates the storytelling potential of video games.
  • Moral Dilemmas and Philosophical Themes: Thought-Provoking Narratives
    • Literary works often delve into moral dilemmas and philosophical themes, providing a thematic foundation for video games. Games like “Spec Ops: The Line” and “Soma” explore complex ethical questions, drawing inspiration from literary traditions that challenge players to confront thought-provoking scenarios.
  • Genre Fusion and Experimentation: Literary Mashups
    • Video game developers experiment with genre fusion, blending literary genres in innovative ways. The “Dishonored” series, for example, combines elements of steampunk and dystopian fiction. This willingness to experiment with diverse literary influences results in unique and genre-defying gaming experiences.
  • Dialogues and Scriptwriting: Literary Craftsmanship
    • The art of crafting engaging dialogues and scripts in video games is influenced by literary craftsmanship. Games like “Red Dead Redemption 2” showcase meticulous attention to dialogue, character interactions, and narrative pacing, akin to the literary approach found in epic novels.


The synergy between literature and video game development has given rise to a new form of storytelling that transcends traditional boundaries. As developers continue to draw inspiration from the rich tapestry of literary works, the worlds, characters, and narratives within video games evolve into immersive and thought-provoking experiences. This dynamic interplay between literature and video game development not only enriches the gaming landscape but also contributes to the broader cultural conversation about the limitless possibilities of interactive storytelling.

By Jody

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